Are currently available treatments effective for people who have developed PTSD and other mental health problems following complex trauma? This recently published systematic review published in PLOS Medicine assessed the effectiveness of psychological and pharmacological interventions for managing mental health problems in veterans, people who have experienced childhood sexual abuse, refugees, people who have experienced domestic violence, and war-affected civilians. The findings showed that trauma-focussed therapies are effective for managing PTSD symptoms and mental health comorbidities. Therapies that included at least imaginal exposure (engaging with and describing details of trauma memories) and cognitive restructuring (addressing unhelpful beliefs) were the most effective for addressing PTSD. The findings showed less evidence for the effectiveness of pharmacological interventions.
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